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International Forestry Company http://internationalforest.co/news Mon, 04 Aug 2014 18:55:59 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Using Imazapyr for Pine Seedling Chemical Site Prep http://internationalforest.co/news/using-imazapyr-for-pine-seedling-chemical-site-prep/ http://internationalforest.co/news/using-imazapyr-for-pine-seedling-chemical-site-prep/#comments Mon, 04 Aug 2014 18:53:48 +0000 http://internationalforest.co/news/?p=62 Working closely with the University of Florida School of Forest Resources and Conservation and The University of Georgia Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources IFCO has been able to provide you with information concerning the use of Imazapyr for chemical site preparation in the southern pine establishments.

We hope you will find this information informative and as always if you have questions please call us at 800-633-4506 or email us.

Imazapyr Site Prep

Timeline for Herbicide Site Prep Treatment

Table 1: 2 lb. acid equivalent:

PLANTING DATE HERBICIDE SITE PREP TREATMENT DATE**
May-June July-August September October
Herbicide product rates per acre*
Loblolly Pine
October 48 oz. 40 oz. NO NO
November 52 oz. 44 oz. 40 oz. 36 oz. (NO)***
Dec-Jan 56 oz. 48 oz. 44 oz. 40 oz.
Feb-Mar 64 oz. 56 oz. 52 oz. 48 oz.
Longleaf and Slash Pine
October 44 oz. 36 oz. NO NO
November 48 oz. 40 oz. 36 oz. (32 oz.) NO***
Dec-Jan 52 oz. 44 oz. 40 oz. 36 oz.
Feb-Mar 60 oz. 52 oz. 48 oz. 44 oz.
*Imazapyr product formulations containing 2 lb. acid equivalent imazapyr per gallon such as: trade names (manufacturer):  Chopper, Chopper Gen2 (BASF Specialty Products), Polaris SP (NuFarm), and Rotary 2SL (Alligare LLC).  
 
 
 
**Do not plant within 60 days of a 48 oz/acre or greater (2 lbs. ae/gallon) imazapyr herbicide application.
***Do not plant within 45 days of a 32 or 36 oz/ac imazapyr rate when rainfall amounts for the area are lower than normal, soil moisture is not adequate for planting, and competing vegetation is less than 1 foot tall.

Table 2: 4 lb. acid equivalent:

PLANTING DATE HERBICIDE SITE PREP TREATMENT DATE**
May-June July-August September October
Herbicide product rates per acre*
Loblolly Pine
October 24 oz. 20 oz. NO NO
November 26 oz. 22 oz. 20 oz. 18 oz. (NO)**
Dec-Jan 28 oz. 24 oz. 22 oz. 20 oz.
Feb-Mar 32 oz. 28 oz. 26 oz. 24 oz.
Longleaf and Slash Pine
October 22 oz. 18 oz. NO NO
November 24 oz. 20 oz. 18 oz. (16 oz.) NO**
Dec-Jan 26 oz. 22 oz. 20 oz. 18 oz.
Feb-Mar 30 oz. 26 oz. 24 oz. 22 oz.
*Imazapyr product formulations containing 4 lb. acid equivalent imazapyr per gallon: trade names (manufacturer): Arsenal AC (BASF Specialty Products), Polaris AC Complete (NuFarm), and Imazapyr 4SL (Alligare LLC).  
 
 
**Do not plant within 60 days of a 24 oz/acre or greater (4 lbs. ae/gallon) imazapyr herbicide application.  
 
***Do not plant within 45 days of a 16 or 18 oz/ac imazapyr rate when rainfall amounts for the area are lower than normal, soil moistrue is not adequate for planting, and competing vegetation is less than 1 foot tall.
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Effects of Soil Problems http://internationalforest.co/news/effects-of-soil-problems/ http://internationalforest.co/news/effects-of-soil-problems/#comments Mon, 04 Aug 2014 18:37:42 +0000 http://internationalforest.co/news/?p=53 Phosphorous-soil-deficiency (1)

The two larger plots (background pines) were planted on P (phosphorous) deficient soils and P applied.

The two smaller trees in the foreground were planted at the same time on P deficient soils and no P applied.


The following information is provided by University of Georgia Warnell School of Forestry & Natural Resources:  David Dickens, David Moorhead

The success of a pine plantation depends on many factors; the soil test phosphorus (P) level is one of those factors.  Phosphorus fertilization is likely to be beneficial on some Coastal Plain soil such as:

  1. Somewhat poorly to very poorly drained, wet savannah soils
  2. Somewhat poorly to very poorly drained Flatwoods spodosols
  3. Citronelle and associated terraces well drained heavy soils

 

Visit  http://www.forestproductivity.net/fertilization  for more information.

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Cost Share & Incentive Programs http://internationalforest.co/news/cost-share-incentive-programs/ http://internationalforest.co/news/cost-share-incentive-programs/#comments Mon, 04 Aug 2014 17:59:38 +0000 http://internationalforest.co/news/?p=34 Listed below are just some of the cost share and incentive programs offered by various agencies. Contact your local FSA (Farm Service Agency), NRCS (Natural Resources Conservation Service), Forestry Commissions and other organizations for more information:

Southern Pine Beetle Cost Share Program (SPB)-Georgia Forestry Commission

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)-FSA

Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)-NRCS

Emergency Forest Restoration Program (EFRP)-FSA

Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)-NRCS

Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP)-NRCS

Partners for Fish & Wildlife Program (PFW)-U S Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS

Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP)-NRCS

Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP)-NRCS

Wildlife Incentives for Nongame & Game Species (Project WINGS)-NRCS

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The Benefits of Genetic Diversity for IFCO http://internationalforest.co/news/the-benefits-of-genetic-diversity-for-ifco/ http://internationalforest.co/news/the-benefits-of-genetic-diversity-for-ifco/#comments Mon, 04 Aug 2014 17:55:57 +0000 http://internationalforest.co/news/?p=32 By Jim Tule¹

International Forest Company grows some of the most Genetically Diverse Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) containerized seedlings in the Southwestern United States. It is through their membership and association with the Western Gulf Forest Tree Improvement Program (WGFTIP) that this Genetic Diversity is expressed. Genetic Diversity is important to all forest users and it has both economic and ecological value. Loblolly pine contains a high level of natural genetic diversity and tree improvement programs are committed to maintaining genetic diversity in trees for the future.

What is Genetic Diversity?

  • Genetic diversity separates species
  • Genetic diversity makes individuals within a species different, even when the effects of the environment are constant
  • Genetic diversity within a species exists between geographic regions, stands within regions and trees within stands

Why is Genetic Diversity Important?

  • Genetic diversity is important to the health of a species
  • Genetic diversity allows a species to adapt to change in the environment
  • Loblolly pine is one of the widest-ranging and most economically important conifers in the Southern United States, harvested for both pulpwood and solid wood products
  • Loblolly pine is not threatened or endangered, because new stands are planted or naturally regenerated on millions of acres each year
  • Conserving genetic diversity is an important aspect of sound species management

How do Tree Improvement Programs Affect Genetic Diversity?

  • Genetic diversity is the raw material for tree improvement programs
  • Tree improvement programs work with a sample of the genetic variability present in the natural population
  • Breeding populations are managed to enhance variation, which can result in genetic combinations not seen in the natural population
  • Breed populations are often subdivided. This avoids inbreeding in the production populations and ensures a high level of genetic diversity in the breeding population
  • Tree improvement programs are careful not to rely on only one or a few genotypes

 

The Western Gulf Tree Improvement Program is a cooperative tree improvement project founded in 1969 with the objective of providing the best genetic quality seed for use in forest regeneration programs in the Western Gulf Region of the United States. There are currently 13 members represented by 4 state agencies and 9 industrial and private land owners. Genetic variation is the natural resource on which all breeding and genetic improvement programs are based and therefore conservation of genetic diversity is considered good natural resource stewardship, a prerequisite for evolutionary change and an obligation to future human generations. The cooperative is conserving and improving populations of five Southern Pine species and several hardwood species (Loblolly pine, Slash pine, Shortleaf pine, Longleaf pine, Virginia pine, Cherrybark oak, Water/Willow Oak and Nuttall oak).

 

IFCO continues to be a member of the WGFTIP. It is through this membership along with other cooperative ventures that IFCO is a steward of a genetically diverse forest. IFCO is committed to the breeding and testing programs of the WGFTIP and has completed 3 generations of tree breeding resulting in significant genetic gains in volume growth. Along with volume growth, wood quality characteristics such as stem straightness, wood specific gravity and microfibril angle are also considered as important selection criterion in their breeding populations.

 

The seed utilized in IFCO’s regeneration efforts are collected from Seed Orchards derived from these extensive breeding and testing efforts over the past 44 years. These breeding efforts have resulted in the deployment of genetically improved seedlings from certified seed orchards throughout the South. Much of the seed that the Evans Nursery Complex will utilize in 2014 comes from IFCO’s Seed Orchards in Louisiana. Loblolly pine seed is collected and stored for future use from this Seed Orchard annually. Seed and seedling deployment is based on the breeding and testing completed by the cooperative over the past 44 years along with the correlation of the soil mapping that was completed through past land ownership. These correlations have led to the deployment of the best genetically improved seedlings being matched to the soils that show superior growth characteristics. These characteristics are then matched to plant hardiness zones resulting in superior growth. It is through this process that IFCO assists landowners in the deployment of their seedlings to regenerate their forests and deploy seedlings to regenerate their Forests.

 

The deployment of seedlings in the Western Gulf Region along with IFCO’s other Nursery operations is based on their original provenance, their growth and yield characteristic based on years of genetic breeding and testing, along with the soil characteristics of the tracts that are to be regenerated and the silvicultural practices to be employed for their tracts. All of the being considered has resulted in a superior genetically diverse sustainable forest for the landowner.

 

References:  Byram, T.D., Lowe, W.J. and Gooding, G.D. 1999. Western Gulf Tree Improvement Program Gene Conservation Plan for Loblolly Pine. Forest Genetic Resources No. 27.
Weir, R.J. 1996. The Impact of Genetics on Forest Productivity. Alabama’s Treasured Forests, Spring 1996; p 19-21.
Western Gulf Tree Improvement Program. Tree Improvement and Genetic Diversity in Loblolly Pine. Texas Forest Service, Circular 300.
1. IFCO Facility Manager, International Forest Company, 23194 Hwy. 111, DeRidder, LA 70634
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Be smart before you start http://internationalforest.co/news/be-smart-before-you-start/ http://internationalforest.co/news/be-smart-before-you-start/#comments Sun, 08 Jun 2014 17:08:28 +0000 http://internationalforest.co/news/?p=11 be-smart

 

Knowing the type of timber market to sell to in 10-20 years is the first step in determining what to plant.

Soils
Know the soil series that comprises the land base to identify a soils potential to supply water and nutrients necessary for tree growth. Also identify soil limitations that must be improved during site preparation.

Climate
When choosing a seedling, consider the climate zone where the seedling will be planted. The main weather elements that drive tree growth are: rainfall, temperature, frost-free days, & length of growing season.

Silviculture
Silvics refers to the know-how in managing the site of a given tree species.

Genetics
Improved genetic seedlings are the result of more than fifty years of breeding, testing and parent selection that targets: improved growth, straightness, fusiform rust resistance and reduced forking.

For more infomation please call and talk with one of our staff, Wayne Bell or Chris Johnston. 800-633-4506

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Not all seedlings are created equal.

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The IFCO Difference.

Give yourself the best opportunity to maximize growth and yield with IFCO seedlings.

  • When extracted and shipped, IFCO seedlings maintain 100% of their root systems.
  • IFCO seedlings have a better survival rate and superior growth in the field.
  • Root regeneration potential is 50% greater for IFCO seedlings.

Shop Seedlings

We believe that doing business with an open hand and sharing information builds trust between the forest industry and the landowners who grow it.

About Us

IFCO Research and Development

Research & Development

IFCO participates in over six research and genetic cooperatives and is committed to bringing what was once only available to the elite to every landowner.

IFCO Testing and Production

Testing & Production

IFCO specializes in cross zone hybrid testing and orchard improvement to ensure that the highest quality seedlings are delivered to our landownders.

IFCO Packaging and Delivery

Packaging & Delivery

IFCO hand-packages each seedling and ships directly from our fields to the landowner.

Using Imazapyr for Pine Seedling Chemical Site Prep

Working closely with the University of Florida School of Forest Resources and Conservation and The University of Georgia Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources IFCO has been able to provide you with information concerning the use of Imazapyr for chemical site preparation in the southern pine establishments. We hope you will find this information informative […]

August 4, 2014 by Phil Goodwin

Effects of Soil Problems

The two larger plots (background pines) were planted on P (phosphorous) deficient soils and P applied. The two smaller trees in the foreground were planted at the same time on P deficient soils and no P applied. The following information is provided by University of Georgia Warnell School of Forestry & Natural Resources:  David Dickens, […]

by Phil Goodwin

Cost Share & Incentive Programs

Listed below are just some of the cost share and incentive programs offered by various agencies. Contact your local FSA (Farm Service Agency), NRCS (Natural Resources Conservation Service), Forestry Commissions and other organizations for more information: Southern Pine Beetle Cost Share Program (SPB)-Georgia Forestry Commission Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)-FSA Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)-NRCS Emergency Forest […]

by Taylor Griffith

IFCO seedlings are grown in a medium of peat moss, vermiculite-perlite.